Prof. Dr. Rouwen Cañal-Bruland

Head of Department
Rouwen Cañal Bruland, Univ.-Prof. Dr
Rouwen Canal-Bruland
Office hours:
Mo., 12:30 - 13:30
Room O 101b
Seidelstraße 20
07749 Jena
Academic Vita Show content
  • since October 2016: Professor for the Psychology of Human Movement and Sport, Institute of Sport Science, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany
  • 2008 - 2016: Assistant Professor at the Department of Human Movement Science at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
  • December 2007: PhD, University of Münster

Research visits to Liverpool John Moores University (UK), the University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong SAR, China) and the University of Virginia (USA)

Research Show content

Research Interests:

  • Motor learning and motor control
  • Implicit and explicit motor learning
  • Embodied cognition/ Embodied perception
  • Perception and Action
  • Expertise
  • Cognition and motor performance
  • Emotion and motor performance
  • Visual perception, attention and anticipation
  • Multisensory integration in sport

Selected Current Research Projects (funded by the German Research Foundation; DFG):

Unraveling crosstalk from lower-level motor coordination to higher levels in the cognitive-behavioral hierarchy (within the DFG SPP 1772: 'Human Performance under multiple cognitive task requirements: From Basic mechanisms to optimized task scheduling) 
Period: November/December 2018 - November/December 2021
Principal Investigators: Cañal-Bruland, R. (PI, FSU Jena) & Herbort, O. (PI & JMU Würzburg)

Moving in time and space - Do (a)symmetric time-space mappings depend on modality-specific processing?
Period: October 2018 - October 2020
Principal Investigators: Cañal-Bruland, R. (PI, FSU Jena) & Raab, M. (PI, DSHS Köln) together with Loeffler, J. (DSHS)

The groundedness of temporal and spatial representations in movement: Examining the bi-directionality and asymmetry hypotheses from an embodied cognition perspective
Period: November 2014 - February 2018
Principal Investigators: Raab, M. (PI, DSHS Köln) & Cañal-Bruland, R. (Co-PI, FSU Jena)

Publications Show content

Publications in peer-review journals (2009-2019):

  • Helm, F., Cañal-Bruland, R., Mann, D. L., Troje, N. F. & Munzert, J. (2019, in press). Integrating situational probability and kinematic information when anticipating disguised movements. Psychology of Sport and Exercise.
  • Loffing, F., Prelle, L., Heil, L. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2019). Body-specific influences on performance evaluation in realistic dynamic scenes. Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain and Cognition, 24, 355-372.
  • Müller, F. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2019, advance online). Motivation in the wild: A critical review of the relationship between motives and motor performance. Motivation Science. (doi: 10.1037/mot0000141)
  • Müller, F., Jauernig, L. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2019). The sound of speed: How grunting affects opponents’ anticipation in tennis. PLoS ONE, 14(4): e0214819.
  • Sperl, L. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2019, advance online). Reducing proactive interference in motor tasks. Journal of Motor Behavior. (doi: 10.1080/00222895.2019.1635984)
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., Müller, F., Lach, B. & Spence, C. (2018). Auditory contributions to visual anticipation in tennis. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 36, 100-103.
  • Gray, R. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2018). Integrating visual trajectory and probabilistic information in baseball batting. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 36, 123-131.
  • Loeffler, J., Cañal-Bruland, R., Schröger, A., Tolentino-Castro, W. & Raab, M. (2018). Interrelations between temporal and spatial cognition and movement: The role of modality-specific processing. Frontiers in Psychology, 9:2609.
  • Müller, F., Best, J. F. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2018). Goalkeepers’ reputations bias shot placement in soccer penalties. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 40, 128-134.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R. (2017). Deception Detection in Action: Embodied Simulation in Antisocial Human Interactions. Frontiers in Psychology, 8:166.
  • Eils, E., Cañal-Bruland, R., Sieverding, L., de Lussanet, M., & Zentgraf, K. (2017). Vision adds to haptics when dyads perform a whole-body joint balance task. Experimental Brain Research, 235, 2089-2102.
  • Loeffler, J., Raab, M. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2017). Does movement influence representations of time and space? PLoS ONE, 12(4): e0175192.
  • Loeffler, J., Raab, M. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2017). Walking back to the future: The impact of walking backward and forward on spatial and temporal concepts. Experimental Psychology, 64, 346-258.
  • Loffing, F. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2017). Anticipation in sport. Current Opinion in Psychology, 16, 6-11.
  • Rinsma, T., van der Kamp, J., Dicks, M. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2017). Nothing magical: Pantomimed grasping is controlled by the ventral stream. Experimental Brain Research, 235, 1823-1833.
  • Stins, J.F., Marmolejo-Ramos, F., Hulzinga, F., Wenker, E., & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2017). Words that move us. The effects of sentences on body sway. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 13, 156-165.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., van der Kamp, J. & Gray, R. (2016). Acting is Perceiving! Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 39 (e233), 22-23.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., van der Meer, Y. & Moerman, J. (2016). Can visual illusions be used to facilitate sport skill learning? Journal of Motor Behavior, 48, 385-389.
  • Loeffler, J., Raab, M. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2016). A lifespan perspective on embodied cognition. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:845.
  • Pluijms, J.P., Cañal-Bruland, R., Hoozemans, M.J.M., Böcker, K., van Beek, M. & Savelsbergh, G.J.P. (2016). Quantifying external focus of attention in sailing by means of action sport cameras. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34, 1588-1595.
  • Stins, J., Habets, L., Jongeling, R. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2016). Being (un)moved by mental time travel. Consciousness and Cognition, 42, 374-381.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., Aertssen, A.M., Ham, L. & Stins, J. (2015). Size estimates of action-relevant objects remain invariant in the face of systematic changes to postural stability and arousal. Consciousness and Cognition, 34, 98-103.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., Balch, L. & Niesert, L. (2015). Judgement bias in predicting the success of one’s own basketball free throws but not those of others. Psychological Research, 79, 548-555.
  • Cañal-Bruland R., Filius M.A. & Oudejans R.R.D. (2015). Sitting on a fastball. Journal of Motor Behavior, 47, 267-270.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R. & Mann, D.L. (2015). Time to broaden the scope of research on anticipatory behavior: A case for the role of probabilistic information. Frontiers in Psychology, 6:1518.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R. & van der Kamp, J. (2015). Embodied perception: A proposal to reconcile affordance and spatial perception. i-Perception, 6, 63-66.
  • Foerster, A., Gray, R. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2015). Size estimates remain stable in the face of differences in performance outcome variability in an aiming task. Consciousness and Cognition, 33, 47-52.
  • Gray, R. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2015). Attentional focus, perceived target size and movement kinematics under performance pressure. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 22, 1692-1700.
  • Pecher, D., van Mierlo, H., Cañal-Bruland, R. & Zeelenberg, R. (2015). The burden of secrecy? No effect on hill slant estimation and beanbag throwing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144, e65-e72.
  • Pluijms, J.P., Cañal-Bruland, R., Bergmann Tiest, W.M., Mulder, F.A. & Savelsbergh, G.J.P. (2015). Expertise effects in cutaneous wind perception. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 77, 2121-2133.
  • Pluijms, J.P., Cañal-Bruland, R., Hoozemans, M.J.M. & Savelsbergh, G.J.P. (2015). Visual search, movement behaviour and boat control during the windward mark rounding in sailing. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33, 398-410.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., Kishna, K. & van Ingen Schenau, J. (2014). Target-directed and movement-directed instructions differently modulate the relationship between performance and perception. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 45, 33-38.
  • Mann, D.L., Schaefers, T. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2014). Action preferences and the anticipation of action outcomes. Acta Psychologica, 152, 1-9.
  • Renden, P., Kerstens, S., Oudejans, R.R.D. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2014). Foul or dive? Motor contributions to judging ambiguous foul situations in football. European Journal of Sport Science, 14, S221-S227.
  • Brenner, E., Cañal-Bruland, R. & Beers, R. (2013). How the required precision influences the way we intercept a moving object. Experimental Brain Research, 230, 207-218.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., Voorwald, F., Wielaard, K. & van der Kamp, J. (2013). Dissociations between vision for perception and vision for action depend on the relative availability of egocentric and allocentric information. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 75, 1206-1214.
  • Mann, D.L., Dicks, M., Cañal-Bruland, R., & van der Kamp, J. (2013). Neurophysiological studies may provide a misleading picture of how perceptual-motor interactions are coordinated. i-Perception, 4, 78-80.
  • Nibbeling, N., Oudejans, R.R.D., Cañal-Bruland, R., van der Wurff, P. & Daanen, A.M. (2013). Pursue or shoot? Effects of exercise-induced fatigue on the transition from running to shooting in a pursuit task. Ergonomics, 56, 1877-1888.
  • Pluijms, J.P., Cañal-Bruland, R., Kats, S. & Savelsbergh, G.J.P. (2013). Translating key methodological issues into technological advancements when running in-situ experiments in sports: An example from sailing. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 8, 89-103.
  • Stins, J., Schulte-Fischedick, G.A., Meertens, B.R., & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2013). On the role of vertical texture cues in height perception. Ecological Psychology, 25, 357-368.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., Kreinbucher, C. & Oudejans, R.R.D. (2012). Motor experience influences ball and strike judgments in baseball. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 43, 137-152.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., Pijpers, J.R. & Oudejans, R.R.D. (2012). Close, and a cigar! – Why size perception relates to performance. Perception, 41, 354-356.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R. & van der Kamp, J. (2012). Sind leistungsspezifische Wahrnehmungseffekte leistungsspezifisch? [Are action-specific effects on perception action-specific?]. Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie, 19, 57-69.
  • Nieuwenhuys, A., Cañal-Bruland, R. & Oudejans, R.R.D. (2012). Effects of threat on police officers’ shooting behavior: Anxiety, action specificity and affective influences on perception. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26, 608-615.
  • Philippen, P.B., Bakker, F.C., Oudejans, R.R.D. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2012). The effects of smiling and frowning on perceived affect and exertion while physically active. The Journal of Sport Behavior, 35(3), 337-353.
  • Savelsbergh, G.J.P., Cañal-Bruland, R. & van der Kamp, J. (2012). Error reduction during practice: A novel method for learning to kick free-kicks in soccer. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 7(1), 47-56.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., Mooren, M. & Savelsbergh, G.J.P. (2011). Differentiating experts’ anticipatory skills in beach volleyball. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82, 667-674.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., Zhu, F.F., van der Kamp, J. & Masters, R.S.W. (2011). Target-directed visual attention is a prerequisite for action-specific perception. Acta Psychologica, 136, 285-289.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., Lotz, S., Hagemann, N., Schorer, J., & Strauss, B. (2011). Visual span and change detection in soccer: an expertise study. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23, 302-310.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., van Ginneken, W.F., van der Meer, B.R. & Williams, A.M. (2011). The effect of local kinematic changes on anticipation judgements. Human Movement Science, 30, 495-503.
  • van der Kamp, J. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2011). Kissing right? On the consistency of the head-turning bias in kissing. Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain and Cognition, 16, 257-267.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R. (2010). Wahrnehmung und Handlung – eine reziproke Beziehung. Ein Kommentar zu Beilock und Hohmann (2010), „Embodied cognition“ – Ein Ansatz für die Sportpsychologie. Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie, 17, 149-151.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., van der Kamp, J., Arkesteijn, M., Jansen, R.G., van Kesteren, J. & Savelsbergh, G.J.P. (2010). Visual search behaviour in skilled field-hockey goalkeepers. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 41, 327-339.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., van der Kamp, J. & van Kesteren, J. (2010). An examination of motor and perceptual contributions to recognizing deception in others’ actions. Human Movement Science, 29, 94-102.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R., Pijpers, J.R. & Oudejans, R.R.D. (2010). The influence of anxiety on action-specific perception. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 23, 353-361.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R. & Williams, A.M. (2010). Recognizing and predicting movement effects: Identifying critical movement features. Experimental Psychology, 57, 320-326.
  • Hagemann, N., Schorer, J., Cañal-Bruland, R., Lotz, S. & Strauss, B. (2010). Visual information pick-up in fencing: An analysis combining eye movements, the occlusion paradigm, and cueing. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 72, 2204-2214.
  • Schorer, J., Cañal-Bruland, R. & Cobley, S. (2010). Frequency of knowledge of result does not influence perceptual learning and retention in novices. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 41, 107-117.
  • Wöllner, C. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2010). Keeping an eye on the violinist: motor experts show superior timing consistency in a visual perception task. Psychological Research, 74, 579-585.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R. (2009). Guiding visual attention in decision-making – verbal instructions versus flicker cueing. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80, 369-374.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R. (2009). Visual cueing in sport-specific decision-making. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 7, 450-464.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R. & van der Kamp, J. (2009). Action goals influence action-specific perception. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16, 1100-1105.
  • Cañal-Bruland, R. & Schmidt, M. (2009). Response bias in judging deceptive movements. Acta Psychologica, 130, 235-240.
  • Huys, R., Cañal-Bruland, R., Hagemann, N., Beek, P.J., Smeeton, N.J. & Williams, A.M. (2009). Global information pickup underpins anticipation of tennis shot direction. Journal of Motor Behavior, 41, 158-171.
  • Memmert, D. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2009). The influence of approach and avoidance behaviour on visual selective attention. Journal of General Psychology, 136, 374-386.
  • Williams, A.M., Huys, R., Cañal-Bruland, R. & Hagemann, N. (2009). The dynamical information underpinning anticipation skill. Human Movement Science, 28, 362-370.

Selected book chapters:

  • Jackson, R. C. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2019). Deception in sport. In A. M. Williams & R. C. Jackson (Eds.), Anticipation and Decision Making in Sport (pp. 99-116). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
  • Loeffler, J., Cañal-Bruland, R. & Raab, M. (2019, in press). Embodied Cognition. In J. Schüler, M. Wegner & H. Plessner (Eds.), Lehrbuch Sportpsychologie – Theoretische Grundlagen und Anwendungen. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
  • Sperl, L. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2019, in press). Changing automatized movement patterns. In N. J. Hodges & A. M. Williams (Eds.), Skill Acquisition in Sport: Research, Theory and Practice (3rd edition). Routledge.
  • Loeffler, J., Haunhorst, H., Cañal-Bruland, R. & Raab, M. (2018). Embodied Cognition: Sprache, Metaphern und Instruktionen im Sport. In A. Güllich und M. Krüger (Eds.), Sport in Kultur und Gesellschaft (pp. 1-14). Berlin: Springer.
  • Raab, M., Loeffler, J., & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2018). Embodied Cognition in der Lebensspanne. In U. Granacher, H. Mechling & C. Voelcker-Rehage (Eds.), Handbuch Bewegungs- und Sportgerontologie (pp. 460-466). Schorndorf: Hofmann.
  • Colzato, L., Loeffler, J. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2017). Aerobic exercise. In L. Colzato (Ed.), Theory-Driven Approaches to Cognitive Enhancement (pp. 215-223). Berlin: Springer.
  • Loffing, F., Cañal-Bruland, R. & Hagemann, N. (2014). Antizipationstraining im Sportspiel. In K. Zentgraf & J. Munzert (Eds.), Kognitives Training im Sport (pp. 137-160). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

 For a complete list and citations, feel free to check my google scholar profile.

Further Activities Show content

Editorial Service:

  • Action Editor and member of the joint Editorial Board of Perception and i-Perception (since 2016)
  • Associate Editor and member of the Editorial Board of Frontiers in Psychology: Performance Science (since 2016) 
  • Academic Editor and member of the Editorial Board of PLOS ONE (2013-2016)
  • Associate Editor of the Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie (2015-2019)

 Ad Hoc Journal Reviewer:

  • Acta Psychologica
  • Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics
  • British Journal of Psychology
  • Cognition
  • Current Directions in Psychological Science
  • Ergonomics 
  • Experimental Brain Research
  • Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
  • Frontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology
  • Frontiers in Performance Science
  • Human Movement Science
  • Infant Behavior and Development
  • International Journal of Sport Psychology
  • Journal of Cognitive Psychology
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance
  • Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
  • Journal of Sports Sciences
  • Learning and Individual Differences
  • Medicine & Science in Sport & Exercise
  • Perception
  • Perceptual & Motor Skills
  • PLoS ONE
  • Psychological Research
  • Psychology of Sport and Exercise
  • Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
  • Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
  • Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
  • Scientific Reports
  • Vision Research
  • Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie

 Reviewer For Funding Agencies & Foundations:

  • National Science Foundation (NSF; USA)
  • Agence National de la Recherche (ANR; France)
  • Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; Germany)
  • German Academic Scholarship Foundation (Germany)


  • Psychonomic Society
  • North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activitiy (Naspspa)
  • Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology (SCAPPS)
  • German Association of Sport Psychology (asp)
  • German Association of Sport Science (dvs)
  • German Psychological Society (DGPs)
  • Association for Psychological Science (USA)
  • Society for the Science of Motivation (USA)
Teaching Show content

Winter Term 2019/2020:

  • Introduction to Motor Learning and Control (lecture, 1st year)
  • Research Methods in Motor Learning and Control (practical/seminar BA)
  • Current Topics in Motor Learning and Control (seminar BA)
  • Colloquium (for State Examination): Sport Psychology & Motor Learning and Control
  • Research Colloquium (for Bachelor's and Master's theses): Sport Psychology & Motor Learning and Control
  • Akademic Skills (seminar B.Sc.)

Summer Term 2019:

  • Introduction to Sport Psychology (lecture, 1st year)
  • Research Methods in Sport Psychology (lecture BA)
  • Research Methods in Sport Psychology (practical/seminar BA)
  • Sport Psychology (seminar)
  • Colloquium (for State Examination): Sport Psychology & Motor Learning and Control
  • Research Colloquium (for Bachelor's and Master's theses): Sport Psychology & Motor Learning and Control

Winter Term 2018/2019:

  • Introduction to Motor Learning and Control (lecture, 1st year)
  • Research Methods in Motor Learning and Control (practical/seminar BA)
  • Current Topics in Motor Learning and Control (seminar BA)
  • Advanced Seminar on Motor Learning and Control (seminar PE)
  • Colloquium (for State Examination): Sport Psychology & Motor Learning and Control
  • Research Colloquium (for Bachelor's and Master's theses): Sport Psychology & Motor Learning and Control
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